Resilient Social Ecological Systems: bridging the rural urban dichotomy

Thomas K. Park

Models of resilience derived from the biosciences tend to reply at least implicitly on a measure of speed of return to pre-existing states after distubance. Core models rely on a ball-in-the-cup metaphor in which disturbance dislodges the system from a pre-existing equilibrium. Social Ecological Systems generally change continuously, rework their adaptations and are future oriented. This paper suggests that a new concept of resilience in messy SESs is indicated and proposes a different metaphor.

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